Sox9 is required for a normal epithelial repair process after acute kidney injury

Sox9 is required for a normal epithelial repair process after acute kidney injury

After acute kidney injury (AKI), surviving cells within the nephron proliferate and repair.

Researchers identify Sox9 as an acute epithelial stress response in renal regeneration. Translational profiling after AKI revealed a rapid upregulation of Sox9 within proximal tubule (PT) cells, the nephron cell type most vulnerable to AKI.

Descendants of Sox9+ cells generate the bulk of the nephron during development and regenerate functional PT epithelium after AKI-induced reactivation of Sox9 after renal injury.

After restoration of renal function post-AKI, persistent Sox9 expression highlights regions of unresolved damage within injured nephrons.
Inactivation of Sox9 in PT cells pre-injury indicates that Sox9 is required for the normal course of post-AKI recovery.

These findings link Sox9 to cell intrinsic mechanisms regulating development and repair of the mammalian nephron.
 
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